-Textile, any filament, fiber, or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. A textile is typically produced by weaving, but also includes other construction methods, such as knitting, felting, and tufting.
-The term is derived from the Latin textilis and the French texere, meaning “to weave,” and it originally referred only to woven fabrics. It has, however, come to include fabrics produced by other methods. Thus, threads, cords, ropes, braids, lace, embroidery, nets, and fabrics made by weaving, knitting, bonding, felting, or tufting are textiles.
-Textiles are formed from a wide range of materials, from fibers and filaments to polymers and plastics.
-Finished products are considered textiles and are used as carpeting, walk-off mats, window shades, wallcovering, and more.
-Tenting, canopies, and tensile fabrics, which are large draped expanses of fabric connected to cables or cords, are some architectural uses for textiles.
Textiles are made from many materials, with four main sources: animal (wool, silk), plant (cotton, flax, jute, bamboo), mineral (asbestos, glass fiber), and synthetic (nylon, polyester, acrylic, rayon). The first three are natural. In the 20th century, they were supplemented by artificial fibers made from petroleum.