Laminate is synthetic material that mimics the appearance of real wood, they are commonly used in both commercial and residential designs.
Also, they are available in multiple textures, patterns, colors, and designs including floor and door laminates.
These are engineered materials made from paper and plastic resins. Thus, from furniture and cabinetry, their implementation today has extended to decorative walls and flooring too where they can prove to be a good alternative to hardwood.
Types of laminates
On the basis of thickness
Regular laminates are far thinner, with a maximum thickness of 1.5 mm. As regular sheets are thin, they are typically glued to the base of the substrate material.
This is meant to increase stability and strength.
One of the most commonly used substrates is plywood.
The thickness of this type, on the other hand, can be up to 30 mm.
They are strong enough to stand on their own. Therefore, they do not need to be glued to wood or other materials.
This makes them an ideal protective layer for most surfaces. Additionally, some compact sheets also have decorative designs covering their top and bottom surfaces.
On the basis of pressure
These are made up of laminated paper that is bonded to a particle or fibreboard. The bonding process is done through a low-pressure mechanism.
These, on the other hand, bond under high pressure, which makes them exceptionally durable.
Hence, for those looking for the most resistant laminate solution for projects that require more stability, these are the best choice.
On the basis of finish
One of the most commonly used laminate surfaces, matte-finish laminate, has a flat and moderately reflective surface.
The matte coating makes the surface not only easy to clean but also, scratch and dust resistant. Thus, these are suitable for office furniture offering a sleek, subtle yet stylish look.
Having a highly reflective surface, gloss-finish laminates are an eye-catcher. Additionally, the mirror-like sheen is their distinguishing property that gives this type a premium look.
However, high gloss laminates tend to show smudge marks easily.
This type amplifies the look of various natural surfaces like leather, suede, stone, etc.
Although textured laminate adds depth and character to space, it is difficult to maintain and clean.
As Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) laminates are moisture-resistant, they are highly suitable for wet application areas such as the kitchen and bathrooms.
Despite having excellent durability, these give a plastic-like look.
To add a luxurious, sophisticated, and modern look to your house, go for the metallic laminates. Moreover, they add a metal-like sheen to the surface and are available in a wide variety of colors.
Made of polymer fiber, acrylic laminates fall under the high-end category and are an extremely durable option.
Also, it provides a glossy finish to the surface which is highly reflective and automatically enhances the aesthetics of your interior.
On the basis of Pattern and Colours
Laminates are available in a wide variety of patterns. If you want to simulate the appearance of solid wood textures and other natural materials, using laminates are your best bet. They are also available in bright colors and funky motifs.
On the basis of Sizes available
Laminates are commercially available in sheets, panels and boards depending on the type of application. The approximate size of sheets available is around 8 feet by 4 feet. Wall panels and boards are available as squares or rectangles in different sizes.